The political, scientific, historical, architectural and business center of Russia, Moscow displays the country’s contrasts at their most extreme. The ancient and modern are juxtaposed side by side in this city of 10 million. Catch a metro from one of the ornate stations to see Red Square, the Kremlin, the nine domes of St. Basil’s Cathedral, Lenin’s Mausoleum, the KGB Museum and other symbols of Moscow’s great and terrible past, then lighten up and shop Boulevard Ring or people watch in Pushkin Square.
Moscow's most famous historical and political landmark, the Kremlin is a walled-in complex of cathedrals, palaces and government offices, with several buildings open to the public, including the Armoury, Patriarch's Palace and the State Kremlin Palace.
This spiritual segment of the Kremlin includes several enormous cathedrals and the Ivan the Great Bell Tower, the watchtower for the Kremlin, which would sound its 21 bells to warn of an approaching enemy.
A dazzling array of treasures from the 4th to the 20th century are housed in this Kremlin museum, including thrones and carriages of the tsars, the works of Moscow silver and goldsmiths, arms, jewels, precious Russian Easter eggs and other Russian and foreign decorative arts.
The Roman Catholic Cathedral is the only place in the capital of Russia where the atmosphere of the real church and the sounds of a large pipe-organ combine. A neo-gothic “Piece of Europe” in the center of Moscow is visited annually by more than 120 000 listeners. They enjoy organ, ancient, classical, spiritual and modern music. Concerts in the Catholic Cathedral of Moscow are held in free...
The Kremlin's redbrick walls and 18 towers were built at the end of the 15th century by the Italian craftsmen Pietro Antonio Solari and Antonio Fryazin. The famous Spasskaya (Saviour) Tower is the main and official entrance to the Kremlin and its symbol.